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558

HISTORY OF PERSIA

3*3 3J4> 3*5 5 assassination of, 316;

3*7. 3i8, 319, 3* 325
Seleucus II. (Callinicus), son of Laodice,

i.   321;   defeat   of,   322;    campaign

against Parthia, 323; 333, 334
Seleucus III. (Soter), i. 324
Seleucus IV. (Philopator),  i.  349-350,

3S2

Selim the Grim, ii. 25 j reign of, 244-246

Seljuks, the, ii. 95, 97 ; the coming of,
98 et seq,; importance and origin of,
98-99 ; founding of Seljuk Dynasty,
99-100 ; Toghril Beg, xoo-xox ; Seljuk
Empire at its zenith, 104-105 ; Scljuks
of Kerman, 112-113 ; Crusades, 113 et
seq.$ description of Seljuk Empire, 118
et seq.

Selm, son of Fericlun, i. 143

Semiramis, i. 123, 132, 188, 296

Semites, the ; power of, i. 543-544

Seneca, i. 367 footnote

Sennacherib, i. 27 ; expedition of, 44-45 ;
59; campaigns against Elam and
Babylon, 90-91; 95, 125; and the
Medes, 128, 129 5 445

Seringapatam, fall of, ii. 396

Sertorius, i. 368

Sestos, capture of, i. 223-224; 226, 265,

344, 345
Severianus, Aelius, legate kof Cappadocia,

i. 413
Severus,   Emperor    Lucius    Septiraius j

eastern campaigns of, i. 414-415 j 416,

426
Severus   Alexander,   Roman    Emperor j

struggle  with Ardeshir,  i.  426-427 j

assassination, 431

Shabancara (or Ik) tribe, ii, 124, 167
Shabdiz   (horse    belonging   to    Khusru

Parviz), i, 527
Shahin (Persian general), i. 523 5 defeat

of, 525-526 5 527
Shahnttma (Persian epic), i. 1415 ii. 133

et seq.

Shahr-banu (Queen), wife of Husayn, ii. 44
Shahr-Baraz  (Persian  general),  i.  523 ;

defeated by Heraclius, 5245 surprised

and defeated, 525 ; 527, 528, 530
Shahriar, father of Yezdigird III., i. 531
Shahr-i-Sabz, ii. 197
Shahrud, i. 281, 284 ; ii. 48
Shah Savan tribe; formation of, ii. 260 5

3x8
Shakespear, Capt. Sir R., ii. 458 footnote,

460

Shakespeare, i. 384 footnote; ii. 265
Shalmaneser I., King, i. 6
Shalmaneser II., King of Assyria, i. 88 j

expeditions of, 122-123
Shamakha, ii. 159, 241, 313, 323
Shamash, god of the sun, i. 419
Shamasherib, Babylonian Pretender, i* 209

Shamash-shum-ukin, King of Babylon, i.
92
Shamkar, Battle of, ii. 417-418
Shamlu tribe, ii. 242
Shams-u-Din, Altamish, ii. 164
Shamta (Christian bishop), i. 528
Shapur I., Sasanian King, i. 48, 429 ; suc-
cession and career of, 430-443 ; first
campaign against Rome, 431 - 432 ;
second campaign, 432 ; capture of
Valerian, 432-433 5 contest with Oden-
athus, 434-435 ; public works, 435-
436; death, 438; 441
Shapur the Great, i. 436 5 birth and early
campaigns, 444-445 5 first war with
Rome, 445-447; persecution of the
Christians, 447-448 j eastern campaigns
and second war with Rome, 449-451 ;
expedition of Julian, 451 -45 5 5 retreat
and death of Julian, 455-457 5 restora-
tion of Nisibis and the five provinces,
457-45 8 > death <4 4^0-461 j 4^4, 467,
479, 508; statue of, 514
Shapur III., i. 462, 463, 464
Shapur (son of Yezdigird I.), i. 466
Shapur, city of, i. 433 ; ruins of, 435-436 ;
483* 5"; 536
Sharaf-u-Din (historian), ii, 171, 213
Shash, city of, ii. 88
Shatt-ul-Arab, River, i. 22, 44, 47, 540 ;
ii. 2
Shaur, River, i. 48
Shayban, son of Juji, ii. 222, 387
Shaybani, the (Arab tribe), i. 522
Shaybani Khan (Uzbeg chief), ii. 219, 242,
243
Shaybani, Mohamed, known as Shahi Beg
Khan, ii. 222, 223
Shaybanid Dynasty, ii. 222
Shaykh-ul-Jabal (Old Man of the Moun-
tain), ii. 109-110
Sheba, ii. 182
Sheil, Sir John, ii. 428
Shela, River, i. 25, 26
Shensi, ii. 12 X
Sherkat, i. 400
Shcrley, Sir Anthony; adventures in Persia,
, ii, 259 ; reform of Persian army, 260 5
acts as ambassador for Persia, 260-262 j
264
Sherley, Sir Robert; travels in Persia, ii.
259; Persian army reforms, 260 ; his
embassies, 264-265; 274, 275, 281,
282, 283, 284
Shias, the, <vidc Shiism
Shiba (son of Hashim), known as Abdul
Muttalib, q.v.
Shibab-u-Din (historian), ii, 226
Shibrkan, ii. 184
Shiism, ii. 43 5 origin of Shia sect, 43-44 ;
doctrines and basis of, 44-46 5 73, 86,
87, 93? *93 24i 34*5 massacre by